8 de fev de 2010
Seminário: "REGULANDO PONTOS QUENTES DO CRIME: UMA PERSPECTIVA BIOSSOCIAL"
Conteúdo original replicado por: George Felipe de Lima Dantas
em 08 de fevereiro de 2010
Fonte: "The Australian National University"
Seminar: ‘Regulating crime hotspots: a biosocial perspective on policing’
Professor Lawrence Sherman, Wolfson Professor of Criminology and Director of the Police Executive Programme and Jerry Lee Centre for Experimental Criminology, Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge, UK.Biography:Lawrence W. Sherman was elected Wolfson Professor of Criminology of the University of Cambridge in 2006. As Greenfield Professor of Human Relations at the University of Pennsylvania from 1999-2007, he was appointed the first Director of the University’s Jerry Lee Center of Criminology and first Chair of its Department of Criminology. Prior to that, he was Distinguished University Professor at the University of Maryland and an associate professor in the University at Albany’s School of Criminal Justice. His research interests are in the fields of crime prevention, evidence-based policy, restorative justice, police practices and experimental criminology. He has conducted field experiments, for example, on finding more effective ways to reduce homicide, gun violence, domestic violence, robbery, burglary, and other crime problems, in collaboration with such agencies as the Metropolitan, Northumbria and Thames Valley Police, London’s Crown Courts, HM Prisons, the Crown Prosecution Service, the Youth Justice Board of England and Wales, and the National Probation Service. Since 1995, he has been co-directing a program of prospective longitudinal experiments in restorative justice involving some 2500 offenders and 2000 crime victims. Since 2005, he has been developing new tools for predicting murder among offenders on probation and parole in Philadelphia, as well as randomized trials of intensive services among highest-risk offenders.
Abstract:Experimental evidence on police regulation of hot spots raises basic questions about crime. Reductions of crime with more police presence raise the claim of displacement, pitting an individualistic perspective on crime causation against a situational one. Placing the experimental evidence in a broader bio-social context, humans can be seen as primates whose competititon and cooperation is regulated by dominant group members. Future work in neuroscience may show more dynamic features of this framework, but the evidence suggests that violent encounters between individuals often occur in the presence of others, which can explain concentrations of crime in hot spots. The cross-species success in regulating conflict in hot spots of interaction is consistent with a bio-social view of deterrence, consisting as much of shame in group context as it does of any fear of physical pain.Friday 12th February: 12.00 – 1.00pm (brunch available from 11.45am; for catering purposes please RSVP to mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org?subject=RSVP%20for%20Prof.%20Lawrence%20Sherman%20seminar,%20Friday%2012%20February%202010).Seminar Room D, 2nd floor, H. C. Coombs Building, Fellows Road, ANU (reference D2 on the campus map).