6 de abr. de 2011

LEITURA RECOMENDADA:Compstat in Australia:An analysis of the spatial and temporal...(Compstat na Austrália:uma análise do impacto espaço-temporal)

Fonte original de conteúdo: http://www.ceps.edu.au/?q=ceps-news/CEPS-Chief-Investigator-has-Article-published-Journal-Criminal-Justice

postado por George Felipe de Lima Dantas
em 05 de abril de 2011

Journal of Criminal Justice Volume 39, Issue 2, March-April 2011, Pages 128-136 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- doi:10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2010.12.005 How to Cite or Link Using DOI Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved. Permissions & Reprints Compstat in Australia: An analysis of the spatial and temporal impact Purchase $ 19.95 References and further reading may be available for this article. To view references and further reading you must purchase this article. Lorraine Mazerollea, , , James McBroomb and Sacha Romboutsc a ARC CEPS, University of Queensland, St Lucia, Australia, 4072 b Griffith School of Environment, Griffith University, Nathan Campus, 170 Kessels Road Nathan 4111, Brisbane, Australia c School of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Griffith University, Mt Gravatt Campus, Brisbane, Australia, 4111 Available online 18
February 2011.

Abstract One of the major trends in policing sweeping across democratic societies since the mid-1990s is a management approach commonly known as COMPSTAT. Despite widespread global adoption, empirical evaluation of the impact of COMPSTAT lags behind popular accounts of its crime control benefits. Purpose This article evaluates the crime control impact of Queensland Police Service's version of COMPSTAT known as “Operational Performance Reviews” (OPRs). Method A mixed model analytic approach was used to assess the role of OPRs in explaining spatial and temporal variations in crime patterns across Queensland's 29 police districts. Results Analysis of the impact of OPRs on reported crime (specifically assaults, robberies and unlawful entries) suggests major differences between police districts, and that some districts are driving overall statewide crime reductions, whilst others confound positive effects of implementation of OPRs in Queensland. Conclusions The results demonstrate that the crime drop experienced throughout Queensland found in prior research (Mazerolle et al., 2007) is most likely attributable to a small number of police districts. The implication of these findings is that a number of districts could (and should) be called-upon during maturation of Queensland's OPRs to reduce specific crime problems in their districts and facilitate ongoing crime reductions across the state.

Research Highlights

► Empirical evaluation of crime control impact for Australian version of COMPSTAT (OPRs).

► Mixed model approach assessing OPRs’ role in explaining crime variation (spatial and temporal).

► Major differences between 29 police districts (for assault, robbery, unlawful entry).

► Select few police districts driving statewide crime reductions.

► Police districts to be called-upon during maturation of OPRs to facilitate crime reduction.

Article Outline Introduction Background literature Research site Data source Method Research hypotheses Analysis Data and variables The mixed model analytic approach and data considerations Model Fitting Results Total reported offences Serious assault Common assault Armed robbery Unarmed robbery Unlawful entry – dwelling Unlawful entry - other premises Discussion and policy implications Acknowledgements References Table 1. Summary of study variables View Within Article -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table 2. Descriptive statistics for police districts (N = 29) Note. UE = Unlawful Entry. View Within Article -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table 3. Summary statistics from mixed model analysis Note. UE = unlawful entry. p < .05. p < .01. p < .001. View Within Article Corresponding author. Australian Research Council (ARC) Centre of Excellence in Policing and Security (ARC CEPS), University of Queensland, St Lucia, Queensland, Australia 4072. Tel.: + 61 7 3346 7877; fax: + 61 7 3346 7646.

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